‘If a primary or indirect causal effect from visual impairment on earlier death is confirmed, regular assessment of vision in old persons might lead to early detection, facilitating remedies that could reduce the impact of visual impairment.’.. Age-related macular degeneration associated with increased mortality risk Individuals age group 49 and older with cataract and those age 49 to 74 years with age-related macular degeneration appear to have higher mortality rates over an 11-calendar year period than those without such visual impairments, according to a written report in the July problem of Archives of Ophthalmology. Several studies show associations between visual problems and the chance of death in old individuals, according to background information in this article.The finding stems from a small U.S. National Institutes of Wellness investigation that tracked each approach to weight loss among 19 obese adults. ‘These results counter the statements of the popular theory that has been influencing many people to adopt low-carb diet programs,’ said study lead writer Kevin Hall, a senior investigator with the U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases in Bethesda, Md. That theory focuses on the notion that carb-cutting triggers a decrease in insulin levels, while cutting fat will not. The hormonal plunge should, in turn, boost fat-burning and increase fat loss, he explained. ‘[But] while most of these issues happened during the low carbohydrate diet,’ Hall added, ‘the low fat diet also resulted in loss of body fat and at a greater rate than the reduced carb diet plan, despite being equivalent in calories and having zero observable effect on insulin production.’ The study was published Aug.