Alcohol alone has little influence on the risk . The authors state that their observations are in keeping with the hypothesis that alcohol functions as a carcinogen primarily due to its promoting effect on tobacco smoke. When it comes to the population-attributable risk, the authors conclude that Our findings confirm that tobacco and alcoholic beverages together describe 73 percent of total UADT tumor burden in Europe. Overall, tobacco use only explained 28.7 percent, the mix of smoking and drinking 43.9 percent, and alcohol use alone only 0.4 percent of the populace attributable risk.And, women with diabetes had a higher risk of heart attack than men regardless of age, the scholarly study found. The study found a similar risk for congestive heart stroke or failure in people with diabetes of both sexes. Neither combined group of researchers offered feasible explanations as to the reasons these gender differences might exist. And neither study specified whether the participants had type 1 or type 2 diabetes, although the vast majority of cases are type 2. Both studies were scheduled to be presented on Mon at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes, in Stockholm, Sweden. Findings shown at meetings are generally viewed as preliminary until they are published in a peer-reviewed journal. Can scientists bridge the gap between doubt and evidence? This week, the open-gain access to journal PLoS Biology investigates why the debunked vaccine-autism theory won’t disappear completely.